National Education Policy 2020

The central government of India is changing the education system of the country. Cabinet Committee of Central government has finally approved New National Education Policy 2020. This new policy will pave the way for transformational reforms in school and higher education in the country.

The new plan of the central government is that there will be no new board exams in 10th and 12th classes. 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 method is being brought instead. Primary is also being brought under the school here. First class and second class are being kept in pre-primary. This is called a foundation course; For ages 3 to 8 years, the foundational stage has been suggested. The multi-level play activity based learning would include 3 years at anganwadi’s, pre-school or as commonly called play schools and the kindergarten classes catering to ages 3 to 6. In addition to this, the grades 1 and 2 or classes 1 and 2 for students of ages 6 to 8 would also be added. Thus 3 years of pre-school to KG and 2 years of Class 1st & 2nd would total it to 5 years of education. The focus would be on development of language skills and teaching by play based and activity based curriculum.

Preparatory Stage: This is for ages 8 to 11 or classes 3 to 5. The focus would shift to play, discovery and activity based and interaction classroom learning. The focus till this stage would remain on development of language and numeracy skills, in accordance with the cognitive development of a child. Medium of instruction till Grade 5 would be home language or mother tongue or local language. Three languages would be taught to all students – and states would decide which ones.

Middle Stage: Referring to the classes 6 to 8, the new structure aims at transforming the pedagogy from the existing system to a more experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities. Focus would be on critical learning objectives and not on rote learning.

and a stage is being set for ninth to twelfth grades. This is called the secondary stage. The changes suggested at this stage include a multidisciplinary study where students would be able to pick and choose any set of subjects from the available structure. The focus would be on greater critical thinking and flexibility, allowing the child to pick subjects as per their interests – even technical and arts.

In this new curriculum, from ninth to twelfth class, 40 subjects have to be tested in 4 years. Some of these exams will be taken by the board and the rest will be taken by the school. This four-year course will be multi-disciplinary; That means students will be able to choose the subject of their choice.

The course for those who will do research in higher education will be 4 years. No need to MPhil. Certificates will be awarded after each year at the undergraduate level. Diploma will be given after the second year. Graduation certificate will be given after the third and fourth year.

The election manifesto of the BJP government at the Center was a reform of the education system. A committee was formed. The committee was headed by K Kasturirangan, former chairman of ISRO. Last year, the committee submitted the proposal to Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriwal. The draft proposal has been approved by the Union Cabinet and the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development was renamed the Ministry of Education, said Minister Ramesh Pokhriwal.